The United States was still a fragile experiment in republican government. If even Washington suffered harsh public attack from opposition newspapers, imagine what they were prepared to say about the less imposing John Adams.
However, the unity of the Revolutionary War gave way to bitterness and rancor as radically competing visions emerged of what the United States should look like and how it should develop as a nation. The clampdown of personal freedoms. The deep conflict of the s stimulated a profound new development in American politics.
Americans had just fought a long and bitter war to preserve their inalienable rights and to protect their liberty from a tyrannical power. The emergence of the two-party system. Brumidi used classical and Renaissance imagery to commemorate the life and contributions of George Washington.
Threats of war with France and England. Yet, the enmity and mutual distrust of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists formed the basis for the conduct of American politics throughout the s and long into the next century. The gulf that separates our political attitudes from those of Adams and his Federalist colleagues in the late s reveals the fundamental transformation of American political thought during that decade.
Generally speaking, there were two such visions, roughly corresponding to what became known as Federalism and Anti-Federalism. George Washington had been a unifying figure in American public life.
However, the unity of the Revolutionary War gave way to bitterness and rancor as Nevertheless, he was a moderating influence in his own party and refused to use the threat of war as a tool to exploit patriotic fervor to his own advantage.
Federalists believed in strong, centralized institutions of government. Welcome to the political s in America. Consider these diametrically opposed opinions about President Washington.
The United States needed to take its place in the international family of nations; it needed to speak with one voice concerning foreign policy; it needed to be able to pay the enormous debts it had incurred during its war with the British. When he left the scene, it was therefore inevitable that politics in the United States would become a good deal more fractious and partisan.
During the Revolution patriots had expected, and even demanded, that all virtuous people support them in a cause they saw as the only real force for the public good. Its domestic events and attitudes would greatly be shaped by events in Europe.
The Americans had won their war against the British, and now it was time to win the peace. The last thing the Anti-Federalists wanted to see was the reestablishment of such tyranny on American soil in a different guise.
Some degree of compromise was thrashed out between the two sides, manifesting itself in the Bill of Rights. A loose confederation of states had been able to unite to fight the British; there was no need for an increase in federal power.
All of this necessitated a greater concentration of power at the center. The extraordinary conflict that divided American life in the s centered on divergent understandings of the meaning of the American Revolution and how its legacy should be nurtured in the new nation.
Despite all the good George Washington accomplished, he was still met with great criticism throughout his presidency. Acting upon their judgment that political critics were treasonous opponents of good government, Adams followed the lead of Congressional leaders and heightened domestic repression.
The first transfer of Presidential political power. Arguments about that fundamental question probably would have been controversial under any circumstances, but were dramatically heightened by the explosive example of the French Revolution.
Instead, newspapers sold issues because of their intense commitment to a particular partisan view of the contentious events of the day. For Anti-Federalists, however, such a vision was troubling, to say the least, representing as it did a betrayal of the values of republican liberty on which the United States had been founded.Nov 01, · Best Answer: The Federalist Party was the first American political party, from the early s tothe era of the First Party System, with remnants lasting into the s.
The Federalists controlled the federal government until The party was formed by Alexander Hamilton, who, during George Status: Resolved. The deep conflict of the s stimulated a profound new development in American politics. During the Revolution patriots had expected, and even demanded, that all virtuous people support them in a cause they saw.
These two parties did not just appear out of the blue; political, economic, foreign and democratic factors all played a role in the development of the two separate political parties. Politically the Federalists were a powerful and wealthy party. A political party is a group of people who seek to win elections and hold public office in order to shape government policy and programs.
George Washington warned America's people of the dangers of these separate parties in "The Farewell Address" an except is shown in Document 4. The development of the two political parties during this time can be explained by two things. First, there were divergent points of view on domestic politics.
STANDARD VUS.6a The student will demonstrate knowledge of the major events during the first half of the nineteenth century Different views of economic and foreign policy issues led to the development of the first American political parties.
Essential Questions Why did competing political parties develop during the s? Essential Knowledge.Download