In addition, we provide a qualitative description of potential endocrine activity. Chemical and technology innovators are critical members of the group. Identify viable alternatives Through literature review and discussion with stakeholders, DfE collects information about viability on a range of potential alternatives.
Collect Information on chemical alternatives To develop a better understanding of the potentially problematic chemical and potential alternatives, DfE considers how well-characterized the possible alternatives are; the chemical manufacturing process; the range of functional uses that the chemical serves; and the feedstock or contaminants and residuals from the production process.
Convene stakeholders DfE uses input from a diversity of perspectives to inform the project scope, identify alternatives, and facilitate manufacturer and user adoption of safer chemicals.
The following links exit the site Exit Chemical Alternatives Assessments: Apply the results in decision making for safer chemical substitutes The DfE alternatives assessment combines: The report may contain a description of the cost of use and the potential economic impacts associated with the selection of alternatives and may also contain information on alternative technologies that might result in safer chemicals, manufacturing processes and practices.
Based on analysis of this information and preliminary stakeholder consultation, DfE develops a proposed project scope and an approach for developing the alternatives assessment. The report provides contextual and supplemental information designed to aid in decision-making and may include descriptions of manufacturing processes, use patterns, and life-cycle stages that may pose special exposure concerns.
For more information about alternatives assessments and choosing safer chemical substitutes, DfE recommends the following resources: Stakeholder interest is also a key consideration.
Determine the feasibility of an alternatives assessment To determine the need for and potential benefits of an alternatives assessment, DfE considers whether alternatives: Conduct the hazard assessment Central to the Alternatives Assessment is evaluation of a robust set of hazard endpoints.
Enabling Substitution to Safer Chemicals.
To identify the most likely alternatives, DfE may also include viability demonstrations by chemical and product manufacturers. This practice ensures that all endpoints are considered in the assessment and that alternatives are evaluated based on as complete an understanding of their human health and environmental characteristics as possible.
Based on the best data that are available from the literature or can be modeled, DfE assigns a descriptor of hazard concern level-high, moderate or low-for each alternative across a range of endpoints, including acute and repeated dose toxicity, carcinogenicity and mutagenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, neurotoxicity, sensitization and irritation, acute and chronic aquatic toxicity, and persistence and bioaccumulation.
The most instructive endpoints are those that reveal differences in toxicity among alternatives; these endpoints make it possible to distinguish the inherently safer chemicals from the less safe. Apply economic and life cycle context Once the hazard assessment has been completed, DfE prepares a report to inform stakeholders, the public and decision makers.
Sources of information for assessment of hazard include: How can I get more information? DfE also considers the work of other organizations in exploring alternatives for the potentially problematic chemical, similar chemicals and functional uses.
Stakeholders are drawn from the entire supply chain and all life-cycle stages of the potentially problematic chemical. When measured data are not available or adequate for an endpoint, DfE assigns a hazard concern level based on SAR and expert judgment.
DfE also designates a level of confidence associated with hazard assignments and notes decisions based on little or conflicting evidence.
Involvement throughout the project helps to ensure that stakeholders contribute to, understand and support the outcome, enhancing credibility and promoting adoption of the safer alternatives.For calendar plan year or fiscal plan year beginning and ending A This return/report is for: X a multiemployer plan; X a multiple-employer 2d Business code (see (DFE/Participating Plan Information) (6) X G (Financial Transaction Schedules).
Business Plan Department for Education May This plan will be updated annually Contents: Section A: Vision Dramatically reduce the volume of DfE guidance for schools vi. Identify further burdens, data collections and legislative requirements for.
Design for the Environment (DfE) alternatives assessments are conducted as risk management actions when warranted for TSCA Work Plan Chemicals. They have also been conducted under These criteria were updated August following.
DFE/Participating Plan Information Official Use Only This schedule is required to be filed under section of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of (ERISA).
DfE: business plans Department for Education: business plan to 15 May Policy paper DfE: quarterly review of departmental spending -. Plan administrator’s name and address (if same as plan sponsor, enter "Same") Administrator’s EIN Administrator’s telephone number If the name and/or EIN of the plan sponsor has changed since the last return/report filed for this plan, enter the name.Download